Jari Häkkinen, Martin Lagerholm, Carsten Peterson and Bo Söderberg
A Potts Neuron Approach to Communication Routing
Neural Computation 10, 1587-1599 (1998)

A feedback neural network approach to communication routing problems is developed, with emphasis on Multiple Shortest Path problems, with several requests for transmissions between distinct start- and endnodes.The basic ingredients are a set of Potts neurons for each r equest,with interactions designed to minimize path lengths and to prevent overloading of network arcs. The topological nature of the problem is conveniently handled using a propagator matrix approach. Although the constraints are global, the algorithmic steps are based entirely on local information, facilitating distributed implementations. In the polynomially solvable single-request case, the approach reduces to a fuzzy version of the Bellman-Ford algorithm. The method is evaluated for synthetic problems of varying sizes and load levels, by comparing to exact solutions from a branch-and-bound method, or to approximate solutions from a simple heuristic. With very few exceptions, the Potts approach gives legal solutions of very high quality. The computational demand scales merely as the product of the numbers of requests, nodes, and arcs.

LU TP 97-02