When calculating scattering amplitudes in gauge and gravitational theories one encounters infrared divergences which are known to be artifacts of the simplifications introduced in quantum field theory. This talk will present the Faddeev-Kulish method of dealing with the divergences, which revolves around constructing physical states of fermions surrounded by "clouds" of soft bosons. Furthermore some special properties of the Faddeev-Kulish states under asymptotic symmetry transformations will be investigated. From this point of view, the reason why the infrared divergences occurred in the first place was that we used states of indefinite charge associated to the asymptotic symmetry. The main focus of the talk will be on QED and large gauge transformations, but the case of perturbation quantum gravity and Bondi-Metzner-Sachs (BMS) transformations will also be presented.