HepMC Interface

An interface to the HepMC [Dob01] standard event record format has been provided by M. Kirsanov. To use it, the relevant libraries need to be linked, as explained in the README and README.HepMC files. Only version 2.06 (or later) of HepMC is supported as of 1 January 2013, by agreement with the LHC experimental community.

The (simple) procedure to translate PYTHIA 8 events into HepMC ones is illustrated in the main41.cc, main42.cc main61.cc and main62.cc main programs. At the core is a call to the

 
HepMC::Pythia8ToHepMC::fill_next_event( pythia, hepmcevt, ievnum = -1) 
which takes a reference of the generator object and uses it, on the one hand, to read out and convert the event record in pythia.event and, on the other hand, to extract and store parton-density (PDF), cross section and other information for the hard subprocess from pythia.info. There is also an alternative form that does not requires access to the full pythia object, but only the event record, at the expense of a reduced information storage, see below.

While PYTHIA always stores momenta in units of GeV, with c = 1, HepMC nowadays can be built either for MeV or GeV as default, a choice that can then be overridden on an event-by-event basis, see e.g. the main41.cc code. When filling the HepMC event record, PYTHIA will convert to the unit specified for the current HepMC event record.

Also for length units there are choices, and again the PYTHIA interface will convert to the units set for the HepMC event record. Here the mm choice of PYTHIA seems to be shared by most other programs, and is HepMC default.

The status code is now based on the new standard introduced for HepMC 2.05, see the Event::statusHepMC(...) conversion routine for details.

The current values from pythia.info.sigmaGen() and pythia.info.sigmaErr() are stored for each event, multiplied by 10^9 to convert from mb to pb. Note that PYTHIA improves its accuracy by Monte Carlo integration in the course of the run, so the values associated with the last generated event should be the most accurate ones. If events also come with a dimensional weight, like in some Les Houches strategies, this weight is in units of pb.

The public methods

Here comes a complete list of all public methods of the Pythia8ToHepMC class in the HepMC (not Pythia8!) namespace.

Pythia8ToHepMC::Pythia8ToHepMC()  
virtual Pythia8ToHepMC::~Pythia8ToHepMC()  
the constructor and destructor take no arguments.

bool Pythia8ToHepMC::fill_next_event( Pythia8::Pythia& pythia, GenEvent* evt, int ievnum = -1)  
convert a Pythia event to a HepMC one. Will return true if succeeded.
argument pythia : the input Pythia generator object, from which both the event and other information can be obtained.
argument evt : the output GenEvt event, in its standard form.
argument iev : set the event number of the current event. If negative then the internal event number is used, which is incremented by one for each new event.

bool Pythia8ToHepMC::fill_next_event( Pythia8::Event& pyev, GenEvent* evt, int ievnum = -1, Pythia8::Info* pyinfo = 0, Pythia8::Settings* pyset = 0)  
convert a Pythia event to a HepMC one. Will return true if succeeded.
argument pyev : the input Pythia event that is to be converted to HepMC format.
argument evt : the output GenEvt event, in its standard form.
argument iev : set the event number of the current event. If negative then the internal event number is used, which is incremented by one for each new event.
argument pyinfo : pointer to the Pythia Info object, which is used to extract PFD values, and process and cross section information. Without such a pointer this information therefore cannot be stored, i.e. it is equivalent to the three set_store methods below being set false.
argument pyset : pointer to the Pythia Settings object, which is used to decide whether hadronization is carried out, and therefore whether to warn about unhadronized partons. Without such a pointer the set_free_parton_warnings method below uniquely controls the behaviour.

The following paired methods can be used to set and get the status of some switches that modify the behaviour of the conversion routine. The set methods have the same default input values as the internal initialization ones, so that a call without an argument (re)stores the default.

void Pythia8ToHepMC::set_print_inconsistency(bool b = true)  
bool Pythia8ToHepMC::print_inconsistency()  
print a warning line, on cerr, when inconsistent mother and daughter information is encountered.

void Pythia8ToHepMC::set_free_parton_warnings(bool b = true)  
bool Pythia8ToHepMC::free_parton_warnings()  
check and print a warning line when unhadronized gluons or quarks are encountered in the event record. Does not apply when Pythia hadronization is switched off. Default is to do this check.

void Pythia8ToHepMC::set_crash_on_problem(bool b = false)  
bool Pythia8ToHepMC::crash_on_problem()  
if problems (like the free partons above) are encountered then the run is interrupted by an exit(1) command. Default is not to crash.

void Pythia8ToHepMC::set_convert_gluon_to_0(bool b = false)  
bool Pythia8ToHepMC::convert_gluon_to_0()  
the normal gluon identity code 21 is used also when parton density information is stored, unless this optional argument is set true to have gluons represented by a 0. This choice does not affect the normal event record, where a gluon is always 21.

void Pythia8ToHepMC::set_store_pdf(bool b = true)  
bool Pythia8ToHepMC::store_pdf()  
for each event store information on the two incoming flavours, their x values and common factorization scale, and the values of the two parton distributions, xf(x,Q).

void Pythia8ToHepMC::set_store_proc(bool b = true)  
bool Pythia8ToHepMC::store_proc()  
for each event store information on the Pythia process code, the renormalization scale, and alpha_em and alpha_s values used for the hard process.

void Pythia8ToHepMC::set_store_xsec(bool b = true)  
bool Pythia8ToHepMC::store_xsec()  
for each event store information on the Pythia cross section and its error, in pb, and the event weight. If events also come with a dimensional weight, like in some Les Houches strategies, this weight is in units of pb.