main07

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// main07.cc is a part of the PYTHIA event generator.
// Copyright (C) 2020 Torbjorn Sjostrand.
// PYTHIA is licenced under the GNU GPL v2 or later, see COPYING for details.
// Please respect the MCnet Guidelines, see GUIDELINES for details.

// Keywords:
//            Two‑body decay
//            Astroparticle
//            Python
//            Matplotlib

// Illustration how to generate various two-body channels from
// astroparticle processes, e.g. neutralino annihilation or decay.
// To this end a "blob" of energy is created with unit cross section,
// from the fictitious collision of two non-radiating incoming e+e-.
// In the accompanying main29.cmnd file the decay channels of this
// blob can be set up. Furthermore, only gamma, e+-, p/pbar and
// neutrinos are stable, everything else is set to decay.
// (The "single-particle gun" of main21.cc offers another possible
// approach to the same problem.)
// Also illustrated output to be plotted by Python/Matplotlib/pyplot.

#include "Pythia8/Pythia.h"

using namespace Pythia8;

//==========================================================================

// A derived class for (e+ e- ->) GenericResonance -> various final states.

class Sigma1GenRes : public Sigma1Process {

public:

  // Constructor.
  Sigma1GenRes() {}

  // Evaluate sigmaHat(sHat): dummy unit cross section.
  virtual double sigmaHat() {return 1.;}

  // Select flavour. No colour or anticolour.
  virtual void setIdColAcol() {setId( -11, 11, 999999);
    setColAcol( 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0);}

  // Info on the subprocess.
  virtual string name()    const {return "GenericResonance";}
  virtual int    code()    const {return 9001;}
  virtual string inFlux()  const {return "ffbarSame";}

};

//==========================================================================

int main() {

  // Pythia generator.
  Pythia pythia;

  // A class to generate the fictitious resonance initial state.
  SigmaProcess* sigma1GenRes = new Sigma1GenRes();

  // Hand pointer to Pythia.
  pythia.setSigmaPtr( sigma1GenRes);

  // Read in the rest of the settings and data from a separate file.
  pythia.readFile("main07.cmnd");

  // Initialization.
  pythia.init();

  // Extract settings to be used in the main program.
  int nEvent  = pythia.mode("Main:numberOfEvents");
  int nAbort  = pythia.mode("Main:timesAllowErrors");

  // Histogram particle spectra.
  Hist eGamma("energy spectrum of photons",        100, 0., 250.);
  Hist eE(    "energy spectrum of e+ and e-",      100, 0., 250.);
  Hist eP(    "energy spectrum of p and pbar",     100, 0., 250.);
  Hist eNu(   "energy spectrum of neutrinos",      100, 0., 250.);
  Hist eRest( "energy spectrum of rest particles", 100, 0., 250.);

  // Begin event loop.
  int iAbort = 0;
  for (int iEvent = 0; iEvent < nEvent; ++iEvent) {

    // Generate events. Quit if many failures.
    if (!pythia.next()) {
      if (++iAbort < nAbort) continue;
      cout << " Event generation aborted prematurely, owing to error!\n";
      break;
    }

    // Loop over all particles and analyze the final-state ones.
    for (int i = 0; i < pythia.event.size(); ++i)
    if (pythia.event[i].isFinal()) {
      int idAbs = pythia.event[i].idAbs();
      double eI = pythia.event[i].e();
      if (idAbs == 22) eGamma.fill(eI);
      else if (idAbs == 11) eE.fill(eI);
      else if (idAbs == 2212) eP.fill(eI);
      else if (idAbs == 12 || idAbs == 14 || idAbs == 16) eNu.fill(eI);
      else {
        eRest.fill(eI);
        cout << " Error: stable id = " << pythia.event[i].id() << endl;
      }
    }

  // End of event loop.
  }

  // Final statistics and histograms.
  pythia.stat();
  eGamma *= 2.5 / nEvent;
  eE     *= 2.5 / nEvent;
  eP     *= 2.5 / nEvent;
  eNu    *= 2.5 / nEvent;
  eRest  *= 2.5 / nEvent;
  cout << eGamma << eE << eP << eNu << eRest;

  // Write Python code that can generate a PDF file with the spectra.
  // Assuming you have Python installed on your platform, do as follows.
  // After the program has run, type "python main07plot.py" (without the " ")
  // in a terminal window, and open "out07plot.pdf" in a PDF viewer.
  HistPlot hpl("main07plot");
  hpl.frame( "out07plot", "Particle energy spectra", "$E$ (GeV)",
    "$(1/N_{\\mathrm{event}}) \\mathrm{d}N / \\mathrm{d}E$ (GeV$^{-1}$)");
  hpl.add( eGamma, "-", "$\\gamma$");
  hpl.add( eE, "-", "$e^{\\pm}$");
  hpl.add( eP, "-", "$p/\\overline{p}$");
  hpl.add( eNu, "-", "$\\nu$");
  hpl.add( eRest, "-", "others");
  // Use logarithmic y scale.
  hpl.plot( true);

  // Done.
  delete sigma1GenRes;
  return 0;
}