main42

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// main42.cc is a part of the PYTHIA event generator.
// Copyright (C) 2020 Torbjorn Sjostrand.
// PYTHIA is licenced under the GNU GPL v2 or later, see COPYING for details.
// Please respect the MCnet Guidelines, see GUIDELINES for details.

// Authors:
//            Mikhail Kirsanov

// Keywords:
//            Basic usage
//            Command file
//            Command line option
//            Hepmc
//            LHE file

// This program illustrates how a file with HepMC events
// can be generated by Pythia8.
// Input and output files are specified on the command line, e.g. like
// ./main42.exe main42.cmnd hepmcout42.dat > out
// The main program contains no analysis; this is intended to happen later.
// It therefore "never" has to be recompiled to handle different tasks.

// WARNING: typically one needs 25 MB/100 events at the LHC.
// Therefore large event samples may be impractical.

#include "Pythia8/Pythia.h"
#include "Pythia8Plugins/HepMC3.h"

using namespace Pythia8;

int main(int argc, char* argv[]) {

  // Check that correct number of command-line arguments
  if (argc != 3) {
    cerr << " Unexpected number of command-line arguments. \n You are"
         << " expected to provide one input and one output file name. \n"
         << " Program stopped! " << endl;
    return 1;
  }

  // Check that the provided input name corresponds to an existing file.
  ifstream is(argv[1]);
  if (!is) {
    cerr << " Command-line file " << argv[1] << " was not found. \n"
         << " Program stopped! " << endl;
    return 1;
  }

  // Confirm that external files will be used for input and output.
  cout << "\n >>> PYTHIA settings will be read from file " << argv[1]
       << " <<< \n >>> HepMC events will be written to file "
       << argv[2] << " <<< \n" << endl;

  // Interface for conversion from Pythia8::Event to HepMC event.
  HepMC3::Pythia8ToHepMC3 toHepMC;

  // Specify file where HepMC events will be stored.
  HepMC3::WriterAscii ascii_io(argv[2]);

  // Generator.
  Pythia pythia;

  // Read in commands from external file.
  pythia.readFile(argv[1]);

  // Extract settings to be used in the main program.
  int    nEvent    = pythia.mode("Main:numberOfEvents");
  int    nAbort    = pythia.mode("Main:timesAllowErrors");

  // Initialization.
  pythia.init();

  // Begin event loop.
  int iAbort = 0;
  for (int iEvent = 0; iEvent < nEvent; ++iEvent) {

    // Generate event.
    if (!pythia.next()) {

      // If failure because reached end of file then exit event loop.
      if (pythia.info.atEndOfFile()) {
        cout << " Aborted since reached end of Les Houches Event File\n";
        break;
      }

      // First few failures write off as "acceptable" errors, then quit.
      if (++iAbort < nAbort) continue;
      cout << " Event generation aborted prematurely, owing to error!\n";
      break;
    }

    // Construct new empty HepMC event and fill it.
    // Default units are ( HepMC3::Units::GEV, HepMC3::Units::MM)
    // but can be changed in the GenEvent constructor.
    HepMC3::GenEvent hepmcevt;
    toHepMC.fill_next_event( pythia, &hepmcevt );

    // Write the HepMC event to file.
    ascii_io.write_event(hepmcevt);

  // End of event loop. Statistics.
  }
  pythia.stat();

  // Done.
  return 0;
}